Alan Garrow’s solution to Synoptic Problem: Matthew used Mark and Luke

Dr Alan Garrow presents a studio version of the paper presented at the NT Research Seminar of the University of Durham on Monday 12 January, 2015 (h/t: Chris Tilling):

“Streeter’s ‘Other’ Synoptic Solution: The Matthew Conflator Hypothesis”

matthew conflator

A published version of this paper is available here: Alan Garrow, “Streeter’s ‘Other’ Synoptic Solution: The Matthew Conflator Hypothesis“, New Testament Studies 62, no. 2  (April 2016): 207-226.

However, Mark Goodacre (NT Blog) points out a serious flaw in Garrow’s argument. Garrow argues that that when Matthew uses Luke alone, there is a high level of verbatim agreement; but when Matthew uses Luke and the Didache (which Garrow identifies with Q), there is a low level of verbatim agreement. According to Garrow, Matthew gets distracted when he uses two sources, and is less verbatim. However, Goodacre points out that we would then expect a similar pattern when Matthew uses Luke and Mark. But that is not the case. When Matthew uses Luke and Mark, there is still a high level of verbatim agreement – which is not what we would expect if Garrow’s theory were correct.


Alan Garrow: The Didache is One Part of ‘Q’

GarrowDr Alan Garrow presents a studio version of his paper presented at the Sheffield Institute for Interdisciplinary Biblical Studies (SIIBS) at the University of Sheffield, on Monday 13 April, 2015.

In this paper, Garrow argues that the Didache provides one part of the material which makes up Q (the source of material shared by Luke and Matthew which is not in Mark). The paper, which is scheduled for publication in New Testament Studies in July 2016, follows on from Garrow’s earlier paper in which he argues for Matthew’s dependence on Mark and Luke (and on a smaller assemblage of Q material).

The presentation is available on Alan Garrow’s website, in four videos: didache-qh/t: James F. McGrath

Online List of Q Scholarship and Resources

The Goodacre Q

Dr Michael Kok has assembled a useful list of scholarship and resources on the Q hypothesis, the theory that, in addition to their use of the Gospel of Mark, Matthew and Luke independently used an extensive second source (Quelle) to compose their gospels.

Kok divides the scholarship and resources into the following categories:

  • The Synoptic Problem and the Case for/Against Q
  • The Text of Q as reconstructed from Matthew/Luke
  • Theories about Q and Christian Origins