Douglas Moo on Biblical Translation

Professor Douglas Moo (Wheaton College) presented a paper on biblical translation, “We Still Don’t Get it: Evangelicals and Bible Translation 50 Years After James Barr” at the 66th annual meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society (ETS) in San Diego, California on November 19, 2014. The paper commemorates the 50th anniversary of the commissioning of the New International Version (NIV) translation of the Bible.

The NIV publishers, Zondervan, provide a video of the paper on YouTube.

The paper is also available as a free e-book, We Still Don’t Get it: Evangelicals and Bible Translation 50 Years After James Barr (Zondervan, 2014), 14 pages.

h/t: Michael Bird


Jew and Judean – A Marginalia Review of Books Forum


In a Marginalia forum on August 26, 2014, eight scholars write replies to Adele Reinhartz’s essay, “The Vanishing Jews of Antiquity”, Marginalia, June 24, 2014. Responses are by Steve Mason, Daniel Schwartz, Annette Yoshiko Reed, Joan Taylor, Malcolm Lowe, Jonathan Klawans, Ruth Sheridan, James Crossley. In addition, Adele Reinhartz provides a reply.

The essay and responses are available for download in epub and mobi formats.

Religious Texts from Ugarit – Nick Wyatt


Professor Nick Wyatt, of the University of Edinburgh, makes available his translation and commentary on the Religious Texts from Ugarit (2nd edn; Sheffield Academic Press, 2002). It covers some fifty tablets, including the Baal Cycle, the Story of King Keret, the Story of Aqhat, and the Rephaim texts.

The book is available for free download after registration with

Also of interest is Nick Wyatt’s instructive engagement with the academic peer-review process: “Peer Review in Paradise: A study in Reception Criticism”.

Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens (MSU)


Many of the volumes in the Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens (MSU) series are available for free download in pdf format, from the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

Vol. 25

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des 2. Esrabuches, Göttingen 2003.


Vol. 23

O. Wahl, Der Deuteronomium-Text der Sacra Parallela, Göttingen 1997.


Vol. 22

R. Hanhart, Ein unbekannter Text zur griechischen Esra-Überlieferung, Göttingen 1995.


Vol. 21

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Exodus, Göttingen 1992.


Vol. 19

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Leviticus, Göttingen 1986.


Vol. 17

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des Buches Tobit, Göttingen 1984.


Vol. 16

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Numbers, Göttingen 1982.


Vol. 15

J. Barr, The Typology of Literalism in Ancient Biblical Translations, Göttingen 1979.


Vol. 14

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des Buches Judith, Göttingen 1979.


Vol. 13

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Deuteronomy, Göttingen 1978.


Vol. 12

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des 1. Esrabuches, Göttingen 1974.


Vol. 11

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Genesis, Göttingen 1974.


Vol. 7

R. Hanhart, Zum Text des 2. und 3. Makkabäerbuches, Göttingen 1961.


Vol. 4

A. Rahlfs, Paul de Lagardes wissenschaftliches Lebenswerk im Rahmen einer Geschichte seines Lebens dargestellt, Berlin 1928.


Vol. 3,2

A. Rahlfs, Studie über den griechischen Text des Buches Ruth, Berlin 1922.


Vol. 3,1

A. Rahlfs, Über einige alttestamentliche Handschriften des Abessinierklosters S. Stefano zu Rom, Berlin 1918.


Vol. 2

A. Rahlfs, Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments, Berlin 1914.


Vol. 1,7

A. Rahlfs, Kleine Mitteilungen aus dem Septuaginta-Unternehmen, Berlin 1915.


Vol. 1,6

L. Lütkemann/A. Rahlfs, Hexaplarische Randnoten zu Isaias 1–16, aus einer Sinai-Handschrift, Berlin 1915.


Vol. 1,5

A. Rahlfs, Die alttestamentlichen Lektionen der griechischen Kirche, Berlin 1915.


Vol. 1,4

W. Gerhäußer/A. Rahlfs, Münchener Septuaginta-Fragmente, Berlin 1913.


Vol. 1,3

E. Große-Brauckmann, Der Psaltertext bei Theodoret, Berlin 1911.


Vol. 1,2

P. Glaue/A. Rahlfs, Fragmente einer griechischen Übersetzung des samaritanischen Pentateuch, Berlin 1911.


Israel Finkelstein’s Website: Including eBook, Articles, Videos, and Lectures

Israel Finkelstein, Professor of Archaeology in the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations, Tel Aviv University, has a very useful personal website containing resources on the Bible and Archaeology.

The site includes his eBook:

The Forgotten Kingdom: The Archaeology and History of Northern Israel, Ancient Near East Monographs 5 (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013).

a number of his journal articles and book chapters, for example:

The Historical Reality behind the Genealogical Lists in 1 Chronicles“, Journal of Biblical Literature 131 (2012): 65-83.

A Great United Monarchy? Archaeological and Historical Perspectives“, in: R.G. Kratz and H. Spieckermann eds. 2010. One God – One Cult – One Nation: Archaeological and Biblical Perspectives. Berlin (2010): 3-28.

and a number of videos and lectures, including:

The Wilderness Itineraries: Who, How and When did Biblical Authors Know About the Southern Deserts

h/t:`Jim West

Phil Harland – Online Edition of Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations


Dr Philip Harland has made available a revised, online edition of his book Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society (September 2013) with clickable links to inscriptions that are collected together on the book’s sister-site Associations in the Greco-Roman World: A Companion to the Sourcebook.

A groundbreaking study. Harland’s focus on associations in Roman antiquity as a way better to understand civic social life and the social sensibilities of those involved in such associations sets the stage for a reconsideration of the place of ancient Christianities and Judaisms in the Roman order. What emerges is a realistic picture of the ancient Christian associations of Asia Minor that produced such texts as 1 Peter, the Apocalypse of John, and the Pastoral Epistles. This new picture emphasized the concrete, day-to-day ways in which ancient Christians did claim a place for themselves within the empire, and soundly dismisses conceptualizations of Christianity as an isolated sect. This is an indispensable step toward re-imagining ancient civic life, ancient religion, and the origins of Christianity as well.

– William Arnal, University of Regina, Saskatchewan (on the first edition)

Part One (“Associations in Asia Minor“) can be downloaded or read online free, and the entire book may be downloaded at a pay-what-you-will price ($0-$15).

Timothée Colani, Jésus-Christ et les croyances messianiques de son temps (1864)

Timothée Colani’s Jésus-Christ et les croyances messianiques de son temps (1864), particularly famous for his argument that a ‘Little Apocalypse’ underlies Mark 13, is freely available in various forms here courtesy of the University of Michigan’s collections.

Ernest Renan on Christian Origins

Seven volumes of Ernest Renan’s History of the Origins of Christianity are available online and for free download courtesy of

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book I. Life of Jesus

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book II. The Apostles

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book III. Saint Paul

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book IV. The Antichrist

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book V. The Gospels

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book VI. The Reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius. (A.D. 117-161)

History of the Origins of Christianity. Book VII. Marcus-Aurelius

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Jésus et les origines du christianisme (1896)

The French text of an early (and much overlooked) example of politically radical interpretations of the historical Jesus, earliest Christianity and related contexts, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865), Jésus et les origines du christianisme (published 1896), is available here.

Early Marxist Interpretations of the New Testament and Christian Origins

The Marxist Internet Archive (MIA) has an archive of Marxist publications, including the most famous contributions to the study of the New Testament and Christian origins. These are:

Frederick Engels, The Book of Revelation (1883)

Frederick Engels, Bruno Bauer and Early Christianity (1882)

Frederick Engels, On the History of Early Christianity (1894)

Karl Kautsky, Foundations of Christianity (1908)

New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS)

The New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS) is available online, care of The International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS).

NETS is a new translation of the Greek Jewish Scriptures, entitled A New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included Under that Title (and abbreviated as NETS). This project is being carried out under the ægis of The International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS). The translators are specialists in Septuagint studies. Their translations follow rigorous procedures established by the editors. Oxford University Press publishes the translation. An accompanying commentary series is also planned.

Loeb Classical Library


The Loeb Classical Library series (LCL) comprises originals and translations of ancient Greek and Latin texts. Volumes feature the original Greek or Latin text on the left facing an English translation on the right.

A collection of the out-of-copyright Loeb volumes has been scanned and provided online by Bruce Robertson, Dept. of Classics, Mount Allison University and Federico Boschetti, ILC-CNR, Pisa.

Also, Edwin Donnelly’s DownLOEBables provides links to out-of-copyright Loeb volumes available on the internet.

Further, Loebolus (by Ryan Baumann) is based on Edwin Donnelly’s DownLOEBables, but hosts the pdfs to which that site only links.

h/t Chris Zeichmann

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) and Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss-Slaby


The Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) provides a comprehensive collection of ancient Latin inscriptions. A number of CIL volumes are made available on scanned pdfs by the Berlin-Brandenbergische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Almost all of these inscriptions may be located on the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss-Slaby. The initiator of the database is Prof. Manfred Clauss.

h/t Chris Zeichmann

Ancient Near East Monographs: SBL Open Access Series

Ancient Near East Monographs/Monografías sobre el Antiguo Cercano Oriente is an open access series from the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL):

The focus of this ambitious series is on the ancient Near East, including ancient Israel and its literature, from the early Neolithic to the early Hellenistic eras. Studies that are heavily philological or archaeological are both suited to this series, and can take full advantage of the hypertext capabilities of “born digital” publication. Multiple author and edited volumes as well as monographs are accepted. Proposals and manuscripts may be submitted in either English or Spanish. Manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two scholars in the area before acceptance. Published volumes will be held to the high scholarly standards of the SBL and the Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente. The partnership between the SBL and the Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente was initiated under the auspices of SBL’s International Cooperation Initiative (ICI) and represents the type of international scholarly exchange that is the goal of ICI.

The General Co-editors are Ehud Ben Zvi and Roxana Flammini.

PDFs of the titles include:

Israel Finkelstein, The Forgotten Kingdom: The Archaeology and History

Lester L. Grabbe and Martti Nissinen (eds.), Constructs of Prophecy in the Former and Latter Prophets and Other Texts

Alan Lenzi, Reading Akkaddian Prayers and Hymns: An Introduction

Graciela Gestoso Singer, El Intercambio de Bienes entre Egipto y Asia Anterior: Desde el reinado Tuthmosis III hasta el de Akhenaton

Juan Manuel Tebes, Centro y periferia en el mundo antiquo: El Negev y sus interacciones con Egipto, Asiria, y el Levante an la Edad del Hierro (1200-586 a.C)

Alan Lenzi has also written an accompanying article ‘Why You Should Submit Your Manuscript or Proposal to the Online, Open-Access Ancient Near East Monograph Series’