The Sefaria Library: Jewish Texts Online

sefaria

The Sefaria Library is a developing online collection of Jewish texts, in Hebrew/Aramiac and English translation (in progress).

Thus far, Sefaria includes the following:

John J. Collins on Early Jewish Identity

John J. Collins has delivered annual Birks Lectures at McGill University (October 2014).

The first lecture (21 October, 2014) is on ‘Torah and Jewish Identity in Second Temple Judaism’:

 

The second lecture (22 October, 2014) is on ‘Non-Mosaic Forms of Judaism in the Second Temple Period’:

 

Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens (MSU)

Septuaginta-Unternehmen

Many of the volumes in the Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens (MSU) series are available for free download in pdf format, from the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

Vol. 25

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des 2. Esrabuches, Göttingen 2003.

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Vol. 23

O. Wahl, Der Deuteronomium-Text der Sacra Parallela, Göttingen 1997.

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Vol. 22

R. Hanhart, Ein unbekannter Text zur griechischen Esra-Überlieferung, Göttingen 1995.

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Vol. 21

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Exodus, Göttingen 1992.

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Vol. 19

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Leviticus, Göttingen 1986.

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Vol. 17

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des Buches Tobit, Göttingen 1984.

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Vol. 16

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Numbers, Göttingen 1982.

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Vol. 15

J. Barr, The Typology of Literalism in Ancient Biblical Translations, Göttingen 1979.

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Vol. 14

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des Buches Judith, Göttingen 1979.

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Vol. 13

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Deuteronomy, Göttingen 1978.

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Vol. 12

R. Hanhart, Text und Textgeschichte des 1. Esrabuches, Göttingen 1974.

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Vol. 11

J. W. Wevers, Text History of the Greek Genesis, Göttingen 1974.

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Vol. 7

R. Hanhart, Zum Text des 2. und 3. Makkabäerbuches, Göttingen 1961.

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Vol. 4

A. Rahlfs, Paul de Lagardes wissenschaftliches Lebenswerk im Rahmen einer Geschichte seines Lebens dargestellt, Berlin 1928.

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Vol. 3,2

A. Rahlfs, Studie über den griechischen Text des Buches Ruth, Berlin 1922.

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Vol. 3,1

A. Rahlfs, Über einige alttestamentliche Handschriften des Abessinierklosters S. Stefano zu Rom, Berlin 1918.

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Vol. 2

A. Rahlfs, Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments, Berlin 1914.

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Vol. 1,7

A. Rahlfs, Kleine Mitteilungen aus dem Septuaginta-Unternehmen, Berlin 1915.

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Vol. 1,6

L. Lütkemann/A. Rahlfs, Hexaplarische Randnoten zu Isaias 1–16, aus einer Sinai-Handschrift, Berlin 1915.

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Vol. 1,5

A. Rahlfs, Die alttestamentlichen Lektionen der griechischen Kirche, Berlin 1915.

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Vol. 1,4

W. Gerhäußer/A. Rahlfs, Münchener Septuaginta-Fragmente, Berlin 1913.

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Vol. 1,3

E. Große-Brauckmann, Der Psaltertext bei Theodoret, Berlin 1911.

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Vol. 1,2

P. Glaue/A. Rahlfs, Fragmente einer griechischen Übersetzung des samaritanischen Pentateuch, Berlin 1911.

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Codex Leningrad – Unicode/XML Version from Westminster Bible Institute

The Westminster Bible Institute provides an XML encoding of the Westminster Leningrad Codex, the earliest complete text of the Hebrew Bible.

The text is searchable online, and also available for download in various formats, such as pdf.

In addition, when viewing the Pentateuch, the website provides the option of displaying each of the Pentateuchal sources (J, E, D, P, and R) by colour, according to Richard Elliott Friedman’s rendition of the Documentary Hypothesis.

Two Gershon Galil Lectures: Israel and Palestine in the 11th-9th Centuries BCE and the “Cheap Wine” (יין חלק) Inscription (Hebrew)

Two lectures on Ancient Israelite/Palestinian archaeology delivered by Prof. Gershon Galil (University of Haifa) are available on YouTube. They are:

Israel and Palestine in the 11th-9th Centuries BCE” (ישראל ופלשתין במאות האחת עשרה והעשירית לפני הספירה), The Kingdom of David and Solomon in Light of New Epigraphic and Archaeological Data Conference, University of Haifa, December 2, 2013

‘Cheap Wine’: The Earliest Hebrew Inscription Uncovered in Jerusalem” (יין חלק, הכתובת העברית הקדומה ביותר שנחשפה בירושלים), December 2013

Yet given the fragmentary nature of the inscription, its translation is highly uncertain, and it provides no sound basis  for drawing meaningful conclusions about biblical literature or its contents.

Robert Henry Charles – Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament in English

Charles

Robert Henry Charles’s classic edited collection of translations of Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament (1913) is made available by the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL).

Another copy is available on Internet Archive: vol 1 and vol 2.

Although somewhat superseded by James Charlesworth’s Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (1983-85) and Bauckham, Davila, and Panayotov’s Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: More Noncanonical Scriptures 1 (2013), the translations in Charles’s edited volumes are still regularly used and referred to.

Volume 1: The Apocrypha of the Old Testament

Historical Books
Esdras (Cook)
1 Maccabees / William O.E. Oesterley
2 Maccabees / James Moffatt
3 Maccabees (Emmet)

Quasi-historical Books Written with a Moral Purpose
Tobit (Simpson)
Judith (Cowley)

Wisdom Literature
Sirach / George H. Box and William O.E. Oesterley
Wisdom of Solomon (Holmes)

Additions to and Completions of the Canonical Books
1 Baruch (Whitehouse)
Epistle of Jeremy [Jeremiah] (Ball)
Prayer of Manasses [Manasseh] (Ryle)
Additions to Daniel
Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children (Bennett)
Susanna (Kay)
Bel and the Dragon (Witton Davies)
Additions to Esther (Gregg)

Volume 2: The Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament

Primitive History Rewritten from the Standpoint of the Law
The Book of Jubilees / Robert Henry Charles

Sacred Legends
The Letter of Aristeas (Andrews)
The Books of Adam and Eve (Wells)
The Martyrdom of Isaiah (Charles)

Apocalypses
1 Enoch (Charles)
The Testaments of the 12 Patriarchs (Charles)
The Sibylline Oracles (Lanchester)
The Assumption of Moses (Charles)
2 Enoch, or the Book of the Secrets of Enoch (Forbes and Charles)
2 Baruch, or the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch (Charles)
3 Baruch, or the Greek Apocalypse of Baruch (Hughes)
Ezra (Box)

Psalms
The Psalms of Solomon (Gray)

Ethics and Wisdom Literature
4 Maccabees (Townshend)
Pirke Aboth (Herford)
The Story of Achikar [Ahikar] (Harris, Lewis, Conybeare)

History
The Fragments of a Zadokite Work [Cairo Damascus Document] (Charles)

Online Critical Pseudepigrapha (OCP)


ocr

The Online Critical Pseudepigrapha (OCP) provides open-access, online critical editions of various Jewish and Christian pseudepigrapha. OCP is a publication of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL).

To date, the site provides critical editions (with critical apparatuses, which show variants in the various manuscripts) for some works, and provides other texts without critical apparatuses. The project is ongoing, so “readers should consult the ‘text status’ information on the introductory page for each document to determine whether a better or more complete text exists elsewhere.”

The current available texts are:
Texts with critical apparatus
2 (Syriac Apocalypse of) Baruch
The Testament of Job
1 Enoch (In progress)
Testament of Adam (In progress)
Texts without critical apparatus
Testament of Abraham
The Life of Adam and Eve
Visions of Amram
The Letter of Aristeas
Aristeas the Exegete
Aristobulus
Artapanus
3 (Greek Apocalypse of) Baruch
4 Baruch (Paraleipomena Ieremiou)
Cleodemus Malchus
Eldad and Modad
Eupolemus
The Apocryphon of Ezekiel
Ezekiel the Tragedian
Vision of Ezra
The History of the Rechabites
Jubilees
The Lives of the Prophets
Assumption of Moses (Testament of Moses)
3 Maccabees
4 Maccabees
Philo the Epic Poet
Pseudo-Eupolemus
Testament of Solomon
Theodotus

New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS)

NETS-Septuagint
The New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS) is available online, care of The International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS).

NETS is a new translation of the Greek Jewish Scriptures, entitled A New English Translation of the Septuagint and the Other Greek Translations Traditionally Included Under that Title (and abbreviated as NETS). This project is being carried out under the ægis of The International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS). The translators are specialists in Septuagint studies. Their translations follow rigorous procedures established by the editors. Oxford University Press publishes the translation. An accompanying commentary series is also planned.

Sean Freyne on Galilee, Jesus and Christology, Shaffer Lectures 2010

Sean Freyne’s Shaffer Lectures on Galilee, Jesus and Christology (2010) at Yale Divinity School are available on YouTube.

Lecture 1 (October 12, 2010): Galilee as Matrix for the Jesus Movement: Cultural and Socio-Economic Conditions

Lecture 2 (October 13, 2010): Locating Jesus in Galilee: Pitfalls and Challenges

Lecture 3 (October 14,  2010): Towards a Galilean Christology

J.D. Crossan’s UNI lecture on the historical Jesus (2000)

The video of this UNI lecture is available on YouTube and looks at ways of reconstructing the historical Jesus, including issues of social context, imperialism, and responses to imperialism.

Why Study? University of Nottingham Video Series

The Why Study Theology and Religious Studies? series from the University of Nottingham contains various contributions from biblical studies. These include:

Why Study the Didache? with Tom O’Loughlin

Why Study Early Christianity? with Tom O’Loughlin

Why Study Orality? with Tom O’Loughlin

Why Study the Protoevangelium of James? with Tom O’Loughlin

Why Study Rabbinic Judaism? with Holger Zellentin

Why Study Rudolf Bultmann? with Henri Gagey

Why Study Paul’s Letter to the Romans? with Richard Bell

Why Study the Death of Jesus in Paul? with Richard Bell

Why Study St Paul and Israel? with Richard Bell

Why Study the Hebrew Bible? with Carly Crouch

Why Study Prophecy? with Carly Crouch

Why Study Biblical Warfare? with Carly Crouch

Why Study Jesus Christ? with Roland Deines

Why Study the Pharisees? with Roland Deines

Why Study James of Jerusalem? with Roland Deines

Why Study the Old Testament alongside the New? with Margaret Barker

Why Study Hebrew? with Peter Watts